Canine Cough (or Kennel Cough as it was previously known) is primarily caused by two organisms, Bordetella bronchiseptica and canine parainfluenza virus. Various other viruses, especially Canine Adenovirus type 2, and various species of bacteria may also be involved. It is a highly contagious disease that usually infects dogs in areas where they socialise, such as parks, obedience classes, dog shows and kennels.
The classical symptom of Canine Cough is a harsh hacking cough that often finishes with gagging. The coughing is usually made worse by exercise, excitement or pressure on the throat region. Severely affected dogs may also have fever, lethargy and reduced appetite. Coughing may persist for many weeks or months despite treatment. To protect dogs against Canine Cough, they should be vaccinated against the important causative organisms of Canine Cough.
Vaccination against Canine Cough is usually commenced at 12 weeks of age, except in high-risk situations where vaccination of puppies may be commenced at 6 weeks. Adult dogs should receive boosters for Canine Cough.